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Oracle Tips by Burleson

Oracle Disk I/O Tuning

Chapter 5: Configuration of CFS or Raw Devices

CVM does not attempt to do any locking between the nodes. That is the responsibility of the application, as in the RAC database. CVM also follows the ‘uniform shared storage’ model. This means that all systems must be connected to the same disk sets for a given disk group. If a node loses contact with a specific disk, it is excluded from using the disk.

Cluster File System (CFS)

Veritas CFS has evolved from the Veritas File System (VxFS). CFS allows the same file system to be simultaneously mounted on multiple nodes in the cluster. Once again, the CFS is designed with master/slave architecture. Though any node can initiate an operation to create, delete, or resize data, the master node carries out the actual operation. CFS caches the metadata in memory, typically in the memory buffer cache or the vnode cache. A distributed locking mechanism, called GLM, is used for metadata and cache coherency among the multiple nodes.

However, with implementation of the ODM interface, Oracle RAC accesses data files stored on CFS, bypassing the file system buffer and file system locking processes. Oracle manages its own consistency mechanism. The ODM facility is automatically invoked with RAC.

The above text is an excerpt from:

Oracle Disk I/O Tuning
Disk IO Performance & Optimization for Oracle Databases
ISBN 0-9745993-4-4 

by Mike Ault

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